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修改源并更新你的(k/x/ed)ubuntu

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发表于 2012-5-7 09:49:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
修改源并更新你的(k/x/ed)ubuntu
  • 不同的网络状况连接以下源的速度不同。建议在添加前手动验证以下源的连接速度(ping下就行)。比如说北京网通用户连接cn99就非常 慢,而ftp.sjtu.edu.cn是相对较快的源。选择最快的源可大大节省下载时间,请根据自己网络环境设置更新服务器,以达到最快的速度。
  • 注意,你可以同时加入几个源。尽量选择一组官方的源(也就是下面的Archive.ubuntu.com的条目)直接加在文件的最 后,以避免非官方源软件包不全时出现 404 Not Found 文件未发现的错误。建议电信用户使用cn99和台湾大学的源,网通用户使用欧洲官方源或台湾大学的源,教育网用户使用教育网的源。

打开终端方法:
按下ALT+F2 -> gnome-terminal -> 运行 #(ed)ubuntu
按下ALT+F2 -> konsole -> 运行 #Kubuntu
按下ALT+F2 -> xfce4-terminal -> 运行 #xubuntu

在终端执行命令
备份当前的源列表,以便日后需要时恢复:
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup

编辑源列表
Ubuntu 和 Edubuntu 中执行:
gksu gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

Kubuntu 中执行:
kdesu kate /etc/apt/sources.list

Xubuntu 中执行:
gksu mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list

适用于所有版本:
sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list


从以下各服务器列表内容中选择一段替换文件中的所有内容,一般来说加入一至两组即可,加多了影响更新速度。为防止非官方源中软件包不全的问题,请在sources.list文件中尾部添加一组官方源。

Archive.ubuntu.com更新服务器(欧洲,此为官方源,电信网通用户使用):
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
Ubuntu.cn99.com更新服务器(江苏省常州市电信,推荐电信用户使用):
'已失效
‘deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
’deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
’deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
’deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
’deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
‘deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu-cn/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
Mirrors.shlug.org更新服务器(电信服务器,Ubuntu China Official Mirror, maintained by Shanghai Linux User Group):
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
Mirror.lupaworld.com更新服务器(浙江省杭州市双线服务器):
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
厦门大学更新服务器(教育网服务器):
deb ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src ftp://ubuntu.realss.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
成都市 电子科技大学更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用):
deb http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.uestc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe

== 如果无法解析uestc.edu.cn域名,请使用以下地址 ==

deb http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.dormforce.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
上海市上海交通大学更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用):
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe中国科学技术大学更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用):
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
北京市清华大学更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用):
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
沈阳市东北大学更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用):
deb ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src ftp://ftp.neu.edu.cn/mirror/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main multiverse restricted universe
中国台湾 台湾大学更新服务器(推荐网通用户使用,电信PING平均响应速度41MS。强烈推荐此源,比较完整,较少出现同步问题):
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
Mirror.vmmatrix.net更新服务器(上海市电信,推荐电信网通用户使用):
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
ubuntu.cnsite.org更新服务器(福建省福州市 电信):
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
mirror.rootguide.org更新服务器(上海市 电信):
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu-cn/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
台湾的官方源速度也相当不错,有时甚至快于内地的:
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://tw.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-proposed main restricted universe multiverseUbuntu-cn,推荐各位中文用户添加:
deb http://archive.ubuntu.org.cn/ubuntu-cn/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
自定义产生若干源,请浏览这里
这个网址有极其全面的源,以供补充,请浏览 这里
官方采集源列表
保存编辑好的文件,执行以下命令更新
sudo apt-get update #这一步是更新你的源列表,换源后必须执行
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade #这一步是更新软件,如果你对新版本软件的需求不是那么迫切,可以不执行


[编辑] 设置系统中文环境支持
[编辑] 设置系统语言Kubuntu
主菜单 -> 系统设置 -> 区域与语言 -> 安装新语言 -> Chinese -> 安装
主菜单 -> 系统设置 -> 区域与语言 -> 选择系统语言 -> 简体中文 -> 确定。

Ubuntu:
系统 -> 系统管理 ->language support,在列表中的Chinese条目打勾。
同时将默认语言修改为Chinese(中国)并确定。

配置字体,使中文看起来更漂亮(如果是中文系统并且已照上面做过,那么可以跳过)
sudo fontconfig-voodoo -f -s zh_CN
发表于 2012-11-25 12:53:45 | 显示全部楼层
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白色,纯洁神圣,兰色,优雅高贵;粉色,浪漫俏丽;红色,热情奔放。。。。
每一份色彩,每一朵鲜花,诉说您婚礼时美丽的心境。
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