设为首页收藏本站
开启辅助访问
切换到窄版

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

搜索
查看: 879|回复: 0

Synchronizing Origination and Evolution of Life and Life Intelligence

[复制链接]
发表于 2013-5-5 08:17:25 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Synchronizing Origination and Evolution of Life and Life Intelligence
Wang Hongqi, China Independent Research Scholar

About the author: Wang Hongqi, born in October, 1946 in Zhuolu County, Hebei Province, China and graduated from the Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, majoring in atomic nuclear reactor engineering. He has made outstanding research achievements in many academic fields and written more than 50 transcripts, 20 of which have been published in succession both home and abroad. Also, he has written and compiled more than 20 e-books. He is the founder of life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory and has established the climatology of manmade topographyand forwarded the universe uncertainty principle. He is also the first one in history to verify the geographic locations described in Shan Hai Jing, the earliest land resource survey records. Also, he, in collaboration with the painter Sun Xiaoqin, regenerated the Di Yu Shan He Tu, a 42m2 picture depicting the civilization of China 4200 years ago. In addition, he was the first to bring up the principle of "be good to oneself, be good to lives and be good to nature", advocating that a blessing-share society shall be built and that the Chinese in the 21st century shall build a new scientific knowledge system (Chinese system) independently aiming to reshape the human knowledge system.

Abstract: according to the life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory, life in itself is an intelligent system operating indirect information, or rather, life is an intelligent information operation system capable of utilizing substantive indirect information, performing some cognition activities, fulfilling some expectancy effects and possessing a complex structure. Based on this, it can be learned that life and life intelligence are originated and evolving in synchronization. What defines life and non-life rests with that life has life intelligence, the latter coming from the former and that life intelligence is ever developing in different levels. The essence of biologic evolution is the continuous innovation of the independent surviving technology of life.
The life intelligence forms and structures on the earth include dna (including RNA) life intelligence information system, cell membrane (including biological membrane) life intelligence information system, cell membrane network life intelligence system, neuron cellular network life intelligence information system, human brain thinking life intelligence system and the social animal and human society network life intelligence system as well as, possibly in future, the semi-human semi-robot life intelligence system and robot life intelligence system.
Life is originated from intelligent protein and intelligent nucleic acid. What is called intelligent protein refers to the protein cluster capable of using some indirect information and fulfilling some expectancy effects. The so-called intelligent nucleic acid refers to the nucleotide molecular chain capable of using the indirect information and fulfilling some expectancy effects. When the intelligent protein and the intelligent nucleic acid become the indirect information and expectancy effect of the other, a genuine life comes into existence.

Keywords: Life; Origin of Life; Life Intelligence; Indirect Information; Life Intelligence Theory; Intelligent Gene Evolution Theory

Body:

The origin of life has been a problem long troubling human, so has the origin of life intelligence. For instance, in the Origin of Species, by Darwin, no discussion on the origin of life and the origin of the life intelligence has been made.
As a matter of fact, in a long time, the academic circle hasn't reached a consensus on the origin of life, or even on the definition of life. This, probably, has indicated that the academic circle is still unclear about what life is.
In such a background, my research on the origin of life will start from defining life, which will, for the first time, closely combine the origin of life and the origin of life intelligence.

I. Definition of Life
Having done reflections and researches for a long term, I have established the life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory, presenting a brand-new definition on life: life has life intelligence, which is the capacity of operating indirect information. A complete life is an intelligent information operation system using plenty of indirect information, performing some cognition activities, fulfilling some expectancy effects and possessing a complex structure.
The indirect information mentioned herein includes human language, body language and symbols of animals, pheromone of bees and ants, electric pulse of nerve cells, control substance (like hormone) among cells, encoding of amino acid molecule by the nucleotides (DNA, RNA), special-functional enzyme (like reverse transcriptase) and catalyzer, and various chemical molecule signals and physical-state signals, etc.
The expectancy effect refers to the expectation from the life intelligence on its use of indirect information. This means the life intelligence has some forecast capacity, conscious of what results can be expected from relevant behaviors. In the meanwhile, this also indicates that the life intelligence has anticipation on lapse of time.
It can be concluded from the definition on life above that: life and life intelligence are originated simultaneously. That is to say, the origin of life and the origin of life intelligence, actually, are the one and the same issue.
It is necessary to point out that the life intelligence is hierarchal; expression forms and levels of life intelligence differ greatly. Yet, for a long term, human is merely familiar with life intelligence of its own, but knows little, or is utterly ignorant or even refuses to acknowledge the life intelligence of other levels. As a result, we lack special terms to describe life intelligence of different levels and can only resort to these terms describing human life intelligence in most cases for describing the life intelligence of other levels. To describe the life intelligence of different levels more accurately, I have created some new terms, like life intelligence, indirect information, expectancy effect, intelligent protein, intelligent nucleic acid and intelligent gene.

II. Life Originated from Intelligent Protein and Intelligent Nucleic Acid
It is common knowledge that the simplest creature on the earth is some virus. One is the protein virus, like the prion (prime criminal causing the mad cattle disease), composed of some protein and its attachments and without nucleic acid molecule (DNA, RNA); and the other is the nucleic acid virus, like H1N1 series viruses, composed of nucleic acid molecule and several proteins covered outside. According to the life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory, the origin of life on the earth can be traced back to the intelligent protein and the intelligent nucleic acid. What is called intelligent protein refers to the protein cluster capable of using some indirect information and fulfilling some expectancy effects. The so-called intelligent nucleic acid refers to the nucleotide molecular chain capable of using the indirect information and fulfilling some expectancy effects. When the intelligent protein and the intelligent nucleic acid become the indirect information and expectancy effect of the other, a genuine life comes into existence.
The intelligent protein and the intelligent nucleic acid were earliest found in the nucleotide molecule and amino acid molecule and waters containing multiple organic matters and inorganic substances on the earth. These waters could appear, simultaneously or successively, in different places, indicating that the life on the earth might come into existence, simultaneously or successively, in places far apart from each other.
The intelligent protein might be formed coincidentally from the polymerization of several amino acid molecules. The prime intelligent protein may be a kind of enzyme having some special functions. Similarly, the intelligent nucleic acid might be formed coincidentally from the aggregation of nucleotide molecules. The prime intelligent nucleic acid may be RNA or DNA of some special functions.
The prime life was imperfect, only capable of using less indirect information, fulfilling simple expectancy effect and would die on birth. Despite all this, such prime life is of great value and significance, because it can provide more and more complicated organic matters for subsequent lives. These organic matters gradually turn into indirect information that can be used by life and other functions useful for the life, like the acquisition and release of energy required by vital activities.
That is to say, even if the prime life is imperfect, its life intelligence has also obtained the chance of continuous learning and the possibility of ongoing improvement, marked by that the subsequent lives could use more and more indirect information and fulfill more and more complicated expectancy effect. Accordingly, its intelligent proteins become more and more diversified and its intelligent nucleic acid chain becomes longer and longer, capable of using more and more molecules of inorganic substances and organic matters, producing, composing and decomposing more and more inorganic molecules and organic molecules. Main inorganic substances include H, C, O, P, Na, K, Ca and Fe and main organic molecules include the nucleotide, amino acid, carbohydrate, esters, purine, pyrimidine and the etc.

III. From Intelligent Protein to Cell Membrane Life Intelligence System
It can be concluded that the intelligent protein comes into existence before the intelligent nucleic acid from the fact that the prion has protein molecules and no nucleic acid molecule and that the nucleic acid virus has both the nucleic acid molecule and the protein molecule.
The intelligent protein is composed of multiple proteins and its attachments and derivatives. Proteins playing the major role include the zymoprotein, membrane protein and histone. Among them, some zymoprotein work as the indirect information and expectancy effects one another; other zymoproteins, as the expectancy effect of the indirect information, are other products or derivatives and attachments. These products, derivatives and attachments include the amino acid molecule, nucleotide molecule, membrane protein, histone, carbohydrate, esters, purine, phrimidine, ribosome and so on.
The membrane protein has provided the intelligent protein with a relatively independent and sealed self-space. In company with the increase of attachments and derivatives of the membrane protein, the structure and functions of membrane protein have become more and more complex and rich, which further makes the self-space of the intelligent protein better suitable for the survival of the intelligent protein. Then, the membrane protein gradually evolves into prime biological membranes, which gradually develop into the cell membrane.
As we know today, histone is a vital protein for building DNA and plays a significant role in the expression of genes. It can be deduced that the appearance of histone has provided the operability for the intelligent nucleic acid.
Concurrent with this, the life intelligence of the intelligent protein level has already developed a life intelligence system of the new cell membrane level. The cell membrane life intelligence system, through its attachments and derivatives, can integrate various structures inside the cells into a life to confront with the living environment outside the cell membrane.

IV. From Intelligent Nucleic Acid to DNA Life Intelligence System
The Intelligent nucleic acid is such nucleotide molecular chains that can work as the indirect information and expectancy effect one another, or take other organic molecules as the indirect information and expectancy effect, or that make themselves into the indirect information and expectancy effect of other organic molecules (like the intelligent protein). Along with the expansion of functions of the intelligent nucleic acid, the intelligent nucleic acid gradually evolves into RNA or DNA of complicated functions, namely, the DNA life intelligence system.
The DNA life intelligence system is mainly composed of genes and intelligent genes. The genes function in encoding and producing protein, which is extremely sophisticated work, the fundamentals and work flow of which have been learned by us today. By contrast, the intelligent gene is new genes in the design and production process of the life intelligence system. Only when new genes are designed and produced can they encode and produce new proteins; it is a pity that the academic circle knows little about this process and its principles. From the viewpoint of biologic evolution, the process of designing and producing new genes by the life intelligence system is an implicit evolution stage, which will experience a long period and is hard for the life to be observed from the outside. On the contrary, the process of encoding and producing new proteins after the new genes are designed and produced is an explicit evolution phase, when the changes of life are obvious.
It should be noted that the formation of new genes is an extremely complex process, which will be unlikely to be successful without the participation of the life intelligence. The reason for this rests with that a gene is generated by arranging hundreds of, thousands of, or even tens of thousands of nucleotide molecules orderly. As long as the position of one nucleotide molecule is wrong, this life from the encoding of this gene may be harmful for the life, or even endanger the survival and reproduction of this life.
Further, the biologic evolution, from fish to amphibian, from amphibian to reptiles, from reptiles to birds and mammalia, has always been involved with the simultaneous or synchronizing appearance of several, tens of or even hundreds of new genes. In this case, without the life intelligence, the evolution will be out of the question. From animals, the life intelligence system participating in the design and production of new genes at least includes the cell membrane life intelligence system, DNA life intelligence system, neuron network life intelligence system, with the reverse transcriptase exerting a vital role. It is learned from this that the formation of new genes has sufficiently verified the rationality and scientificalness of life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory.

V. Unicellular Life Intelligence System
The unicellular organism comes into existence when the cell membrane life intelligence system and the DNA life intelligence system have integrated into one life intelligence system. In the unicellular organism, the cell membrane and its attachments, derivatives, functional cyst or organelles will work together to form the body of life and DNA will work as the indirect information database, which has stored various proteinic information required for producing the life.

VI. Multicellular Network Life Intelligence System
The multicellular creature will exist when multiple unicellular organisms are gathered, with cells having division of labor; at the same time, the multicellular network life intelligence system comes into existence. The multicellular network life intelligence system is built by the cell membrane life intelligence system of each cell and can be found in all multicellular creatures. For human, our multicellular network life intelligence system refers to channels and collaterals in the traditional Chinese medicine.
It is noteworthy that in the multicellular creatures, DNA in every single cell is the same, only differing in cell membrane and its attachments and derivatives. This denotes that the division of labor between cells in the multicellular creatures is, actually, the differentiation of the cell membrane function, namely, the functions of cell membrane life intelligence system has differentiated. Regarding this point, if we are capable of changing the working states of cell membranes of different cells of the multicellular creatures, we may well turn one cell into another.

VII. Neuron Cellular Life Intelligence System
With the appearance of full-time neuron cells in the multicellular creatures, the neuron cellular network life intelligence system is born. The neuron cells are different from other cells mainly in the specialization of cell membranes, which can produce more sophisticated information conduction functions.

VIII. Human Brain Thinking Life Intelligence System
The human brain thinking life intelligence system came into existence when ape turned into homo erectus. Brain thinking life intelligence system is a senior form of the neuron cellular life intelligence system, featuring the further specialization of cell membrane to form an enormous information storage and information processing network with such structures as the ganglia, axon and dendrite.

IX. Levels of Life Intelligence
The life intelligence has several levels, with forms and structures on the earth including DNA (including RNA) life intelligence information system, cell membrane (including biological membrane) life intelligence information system, cell membrane network life intelligence system, neuron cellular network life intelligence information system, human bran thinking life intelligence system and the social animal and human society network life intelligence system as well as, possibly in future, the semi-human semi-robot life intelligence system and robot life intelligence system.
The evolution of life intelligence indicates that life intelligence can function in learning and information accumulation. The skipping of life intelligence levels indicates that the primary life intelligence system can design and produce senior life intelligence systems. The complicated life can have life intelligence system of different levels at the same time, indicating that life intelligence systems of different levels have a cooperation relationship between each other, but at the same time, are relatively independent and perform their respective functions.
For instance, the normal labor is finished under the operation of the cell membrane network life intelligence system and the neuron cellular network life intelligence information system, while the cesarean delivery is finished under the operation of the human brain thinking life intelligence system. Of course, the heal of knife edge left by the cesarean delivery shall still be finished under the operation of the cell membrane network life intelligence system and the neuron cellular network life intelligence information system.
Further, human has about 100,000 kinds of proteins, 30,000 kinds of genes and 200 kinds of cells. These proteins are also evolved from the intelligent protein, these genes from the intelligent nucleic acid and cells from the unicellular organisms. From the aspect of ever-increasing protein kinds, genes are only for producing the indirect information one by one for the new proteins. From the aspect of ever-increasing gene quantity, proteins are only for producing the indirect information one by one for the new genes. In company with the increase of proteins, gene quantity and cell kinds, the level of life intelligence will be elevated accordingly.

X. Life Forms
Lives on the earth have many forms, including living form, evolution form, reproduction form, hibernation form and growth metamorphosis.
1.
Living form of life (also called surviving form), mainly characterized by metabolization;

2.
Evolution form of life, including implicit evolution and explicit evolution;

3.
Reproduction form of life, replicating both DNA and cell membrane and its attachments and derivatives;

4.
Hibernation form of life, greatly reducing or even stopping metabolization and under proper conditions, capable of restoring the metabolization; different creatures have greatly different hibernation periods. The hibernation period of some bacteria is as long as tens of thousands of years, or even longer.

5.
Growth metamorphoses of life; from oosperm to newborn infant, several growth metamorphoses will happen, so will from the newborn infant to adolescency. The most representative growth metamorphoses occur to insects. For instance, the silkworm is grown in a process from larvae to pupae, from pupae to moth. The similar growth metamorphoses also can be found in butterflies, cicada, dragonfly, fly and mosquito.


To sum up, according to the life intelligence theory and the intelligent gene evolution theory, life in itself is an intelligent system operating indirect information, or rather, life is an intelligent information operation system capable of utilizing substantive indirect information, performing some cognition activities, fulfilling some expectancy effects and possessing a complex structure. Life and life intelligence are originated and evolving in synchronization. What defines life and non-life rests with that life has life intelligence, the latter coming from the former and that life intelligence is ever developing in different levels. The essence of biologic evolution is the continuous innovation of the independent surviving technology of life.


References:
1.
(Austria) Erwin Schrodinger, What Is Life, Shanghai Renmin Press, 1973.

2.
(Russia) P·K1·Barankin, Time·Earth·Brain, Science Press, 1983.

3.
Beijing Natural History Museum, Illustration of History of Creatures, Science Press, 1987.

4.
J. D. Watson, J. Tooze, D.T. Kurtz, Recombinant DNA a short course, Science Press, 1987.

5.
Ilya Prigogine (Belgium), Isabelle Stengers (France), Order out of Chaos, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1987.

6.
Michael Behe, Darwin’s Black Box, Central Compilation&Translation Press, 1998.

7.
Writing Group of Human Genetics, Human Genetics, Higher Education Press, 1999.

8.
Susan Aldridge (UK), The Thread of Life: The Story of Genes and Genetic Engineering, Jiangsu Renmin Press, 2000.

9.
(France) H.Borgson (1859-1941), L'Evolution Creatrice, Huaxia Publishing House, 2000.

10.
William Wright (US), Born That Way, Jiangsu Renmin Press, 2001.

11.
Wang Hongqi, Active Variation of Genes and Design of Independent Bodies, Treasury of Thinking in Modern China, P813, China Workers Press, 2005.

12.
Wang Hongqi, Neo-evolution: Creature Restructuring Principles, Invention & Innovation, 2006 (11th issue), P29.

13.
Wang Hongqi, How Long Can Darwin's Error Goes, THE JOURNAL OF UFO RESEARCH, 2007 (10th issue), P24.

14.
Darwin (UK), Origin of Species, The Commercial Press, 2007.

15.
Wang Hongqi, Origin of Life Intelligencer and Its Evolution Principles (intelligent gene evolution theory), Chinese Culture Monthly (Australia), 2008 (12th issue), P25.

16.
Lisa Yount (US), Modern Genetics --- Engineering Life, Shanghai Scientific and Technological Literature Publishing House, 2008.

17.
Wang Hongqi, Essence of species' evolution is the technical innovation in independent survival of life and the presentation of intelligent gene design evolution theory, Chinese Culture Monthly (Australia), 2008 (3rd issue), P39.

18.
Wang Hongqi, Darwin, God and Me: Only One Winner, Chinese Culture Monthly (Australia), 2009 (3rd issue), P28.

10.
Chonggou, Mystery of Symbols, China International Broadcasting Publishing House, 2009, P12-14.

20.
Chonggou, Disaster and Survival, China International Broadcasting Publishing House, 2009, P2-5, P219-232.

21.
Chonggou, Unscrambling Passwords from the Ancient, China International Broadcasting Publishing House, 2009, P74-82.

22.
Wang Hongqi, Formation of New Genes Verifying Intelligent Gene Evolution Theory and Life Intelligence Theory, Chinese Culture Monthly (Australia), 2009 (12th issue), P30.

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

QQ|申请友链|小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|生物信息学论坛 ( 蜀ICP备09031721号  

GMT+8, 2017-1-22 18:14 , Processed in 0.109215 second(s), 21 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表